The history of the town house at Rynek 1dates back to the turn of the 15th and 16th century. Its walls contain parts of several buildings erected in various periods and rebuilt many times before being finally combined into one structure. Until the end of the 18th century, when the western frontage of the Main Square began to be dismantled, the building had not been located in the main square of the city, as only one of its corners adjoined it. After the dismantling works, which enlarged the area of the Main Square, the town house was included in the northern frontage and assigned number 1. For several centuries, it belonged to many townsmen, or even noble families. In the 19th century, it was used as barracks and a courthouse. Since 1865, it has been the seat of city authorities.
The interesting, two-storey underground floors of the building, which have an area of nearly 400 square meters, reach down to a level of about 10 meters below the ground level. The former owners, some of whom were merchants, stored their property and goods in cellars of various sizes located at different depth. The cellars were used for storing, among other items, wine, mead and local resources of the Przemyśl Land, that is, salt, valued all over Europe. Salted meat, meat products, back fat, produce from the land and dairy products were also stored there. It was a place where merchants pursued direct trade with their clients who came to Przemyśl, as well as with the inhabitants of the city and surrounding areas. The underground floors were used not only for the purpose of storing goods and a place for trading, but also as inns and craftsmen's workshops. When needed, they were even used as temporary accommodation for servants.
In recent years, the underground area has been restored to its original state, which involved great effort and significant funds. In 2014, the renovated, 100-meter long section of the 17th century sewerage running under Mostowa Street and the northern part of the Main Square with the exit at the building at Rynek 5 was made available to the public.
The Przemyśl underground is a part of the original, medieval development of the city. At present, the two-storey cellars under the City Hall with the new section of the 17th century sewerage system are available for sightseeing. It is also planned to connect the sewerage system with the multi-storey cellars of the neighbouring town houses to create a network of underground corridors.
The Przemyśl underground will be open in the tourist season (from 1 April to 31 October) on Tuesdays and Wednesdays from 10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. and from Thursdays to Sundays from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.
Off tourist season (from 1 November to 31 December), the underground will be open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m..
Ticket prices are PLN 4.00 (regular) and PLN 2.00 (discount). Visitors are serviced by the Branch of the Dr M. Orłowicz Polish Tourist and Sightseeing Society (PTTK) in Przemyśl.
Guided tours are available in Polish and English, starting every 30 minutes.
Enjoy your visit!